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Hamadan City

Among the ancient cities, Hamadan has a special place, some historians believe that Hamadan’s construction dates back to 3000 B.C. and according to an inscription from the first Assyrien king its date backs to 1100 BC. Thus one of Iran’s oldest cities, located in the Central Zagros Range, Hamadan was once the Median capital Hagmatana (Greek form Ecbatana).

 

Ganj Nameh

As an important Achaemenian capital Hamadan was graced with great palaces and temples the remains of which now lie beneath the modem town. Excavations now being carried at the Hagmatana hills reveal remains of Median and Achaemenian administrative buildings on an extensive level. Ganj- Nameh (Treasure Book), the oldest Achaemenian rock carving of the area is located on the slopes of Mount Alvand. Hamadan also was capital of several dynasties that have ruled Iran through the ages.

 

The world famous Iranian physician and philosopher, Avicenna (10th AD.) lived in this city for several years and his mausoleum is located in this city. The tomb of a famous mystic poet contemporary of Avicenna, Baba Taher, is here too. The other attractions in Hamadan are: Gombad-e Alavian, Shir-e Sangi (stone lion), Shrine of Esther and Mardocai.

 

 

 

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Ali Sadr Cave