capital of Kerman province, a province with a great
antiquity, located in an altitude of 1860m above the
sea level and 1062km to the south of Tehran. The
town is situated close to Dasht-e Lut, from which
it is separated by
a range of mountains.
Its name probably derived from the tribe of
Germanioi listed by Herodotus. Believed it has been
found in the early of 3rd century AD by Ardashir I,
founder of the Sassanian dynasty. It was from the
7th century ruled in turn by Arabs, Buyids, The
Seljuk’s, The Turkmen and Mongols. Town expanded
rapidly under the Safavid Dynasty (16and17 century
AD), both the English and Dutch exporting Kermani
carpets from the port of Bandar Abbas. Kerman has
had a log and turbulent history, and it has only for
short period enjoyed peace and prosperity at the
same time. Late in the 18th century AD, Agha
Mohammad shah of Qajar dynasty took a terrible
revenge on the people of Kerman because they had
given help to his mortal enemy Lutf Ali Khan Zand.
The town has a Zoroastrian minority, altogether much
smaller than that in Yazd.
Most of the ancient Kerman was destroyed by
earthquake in 1794. Jabalieh Domb, Malek and Jameh
masques, Vakil tea house, Ganjali Khan Bath house
and square are among the place of interests. Other
attractions in Kerman province are: Prince Garden,
Mausoleum of Shah Ne’matullah Vali the great Sufi of
14-15 century AD and founder of Ne’matullahi sect,
in Mahan and Rayen Citadel (which is another
interesting mud clay monument after Bam citadel
which was demolished by earthquake in 2004).